Global Collaboration Enabled Vaccine to Move Forward
Global Collaboration Enabled Vaccine to Move from First-in-Human Studies to Initial Phase 3 Results Within One Year
Merck (known as MSD outside the US and Canada) said today that its investigational Ebola vaccine candidate, rVSV-ZEBOV, was found to have 100 percent efficacy in an analysis of interim data from a Phase 3 ring vaccination trial in Guinea. Preliminary conclusions from this study, which is continuing, were published on-line today in The Lancet.
The authors report that vaccine efficacy was 100 percent (95% confidence interval: 74.7 – 100%; p=0.0036) following vaccination with a single dose of the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine. It appeared that all vaccinated individuals were protected against Ebola virus infection within 6 to 10 days of vaccination.
To date, more than 4,000 participants have received the vaccine in this innovative trial, called “Ebola ça suffit” or “Ebola, that’s enough.” The trial was conducted by a team that included researchers from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, the Health Ministry of Guinea and Médecins sans Frontières, among others. The results from this continuing study, as well as other studies already underway (see below) and additional studies to be conducted, will be used to support worldwide regulatory submissions.
“Merck has an enduring commitment to develop vaccines and medicines that address the world’s most devastating infectious diseases,” said Dr. Roger M. Perlmutter, president of Merck Research Laboratories. “Building on pioneering early work by the Public Health Agency of Canada and NewLink Genetics Corporation, the extraordinary efforts of the team in Guinea and other experts have yielded interim results that suggest a potential role for our rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine in the fight against Ebola disease.”
About the Development of the rVSV-ZEBOV Vaccine
The rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine was initially engineered with support from the Public Health Agency of Canada and was licensed to NewLink Genetics Corporation. To make the vaccine, the vesicular stomatitis virus was weakened by removing one of its genes, which was then replaced with a single Ebola virus gene that cannot cause disease by itself. Vaccinated individuals have been shown to develop antibodies against the Ebola virus, which could help protect against future infection. The significance and durability of this immune response have not been determined.
In late 2014, when the current Ebola outbreak was at its most severe, Merck licensed rVSV-ZEBOV from NewLink Genetics, with the goal of accelerating the assessment of this candidate vaccine. Since that time, Merck has helped to enable a broad development program, including the interim phase 3 efficacy results released today. To date, the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine has been administered to more than 9,000 people in phase 1, 2 and 3 clinical trials.
In addition to NewLink and the Public Health Agency of Canada, leading global and national health organizations including the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), the Canadian Immunization Research Network (CIRN) and the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) have helped to conduct studies of the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine. Major funders for these studies included the US Department of Defense’s (DoD) Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program (JVAP), the US Department of Health and Human Service’s Biomedical Advanced Research Development Authority (BARDA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Wellcome Trust.
In addition to the phase 3 trial in Guinea described above, other studies evaluating the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine include the STRIVE (Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola) phase 3 study currently being conducted by the Sierra Leone College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences (COMAHS), Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); and the PREVAIL (Partnership for Research on Ebola Vaccines in Liberia) phase 2 study being conducted by a Liberia-NIH partnership in Liberia.
Merck is responsible for research, development and manufacturing efforts in support of the rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine. Merck has committed to work closely with other stakeholders to accelerate the continued development, production and, if licensed, distribution of the vaccine.